Simple Present & Present Progressive Test
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- Question 1 of 40
Shhh. The baby ….. .CorrectIncorrect
- Question 2 of 40
The baby ….. for ten hours every night.CorrectIncorrect
- Question 3 of 40
Right now I’m in class. I ……. at my desk.CorrectIncorrect
- Question 4 of 40
I usually …… at the same desk in class every day.CorrectIncorrect
- Question 5 of 40
Ali speaks Arabic. Arabic is his native language, but right now he ……. English.CorrectIncorrect
- Question 6 of 40
A: …… a lot in southern California?CorrectIncorrect
- Question 7 of 40
B: No. The weather …… usually warm and sunny.CorrectIncorrect
- Question 8 of 40
A: Look out the window. ……………. ? Should I take my umbrella?CorrectIncorrect
- Question 9 of 40
A: Oscar usually walk to work. ………….. to work every day, too?CorrectIncorrect
- Question 10 of 40
Right now I am looking at the board. I ……… some words on the board.CorrectIncorrect
- Question 11 of 40
A: …………….. some help, Mrs. Brown?CorrectIncorrect
- Question 12 of 40
A: Who is that man? I think that I know him, but I forget his name. B: That’s Mr. Martinez. A: That’s right! I ……… him now.CorrectIncorrect
- Question 13 of 40
A: Do you believe in flying saucers? B: What …………. about?CorrectIncorrect
- Question 14 of 40
Right now the children ……… at the beach.CorrectIncorrect
- Question 15 of 40
A: What …………. about right now?CorrectIncorrect
- Question 16 of 40
A: Which color………….., red or blue?CorrectIncorrect
- Question 17 of 40
A: I am reading a magazine article right now. According to the article, people who …….. blue to red loyalty in their friends.CorrectIncorrect
- Question 18 of 40
A preference for red means that a person is aggressive and ……… excitement.CorrectIncorrect
- Question 19 of 40
My mother and father ……… breakfast at 7:00 every day.CorrectIncorrect
- Question 20 of 40
My mother ……… tea with her breakfast.CorrectIncorrect
- Question 21 of 40
I ………… a bath every morning.CorrectIncorrect
- Question 22 of 40
My sister ………. a shower.CorrectIncorrect
- Question 23 of 40
I ……… English with my friends.CorrectIncorrect
- Question 24 of 40
We ………… to school together every morning.CorrectIncorrect
- Question 25 of 40
I …………….. . I am awake.CorrectIncorrect
- Question 26 of 40
Ben isn’t listening. He ………… .CorrectIncorrect
- Question 27 of 40
Sonya ………… tea every afternoon.CorrectIncorrect
- Question 28 of 40
Peter always ………. his children goodnight.CorrectIncorrect
- Question 29 of 40
Look it ………. .CorrectIncorrect
- Question 30 of 40
Bob …………… to school every day.CorrectIncorrect
- Question 31 of 40
……………… lunch at the cafeteria every day?CorrectIncorrect
- Question 32 of 40
Tina ………… jeans to class.CorrectIncorrect
- Question 33 of 40
Eric ……. dishes.CorrectIncorrect
- Question 34 of 40
Class …….. at 9:00 every day.CorrectIncorrect
- Question 35 of 40
I ………. hungry.CorrectIncorrect
- Question 36 of 40
I ………. speak French.CorrectIncorrect
- Question 37 of 40
Why …………. TV? Because I like this program.CorrectIncorrect
- Question 38 of 40
What …………..? My grammar book.CorrectIncorrect
- Question 39 of 40
My friends and I …….. home at 3:00 every afternoon.CorrectIncorrect
- Question 40 of 40
Alice ……… her hair every morning.CorrectIncorrect
The Simple Present and The Present Progressive
The simple present expresses daily habits or usual activities, as in (a) and (b).
The simple present expresses general statements of fact, as in (c).
In sum, the simple present is used for events or situations that exist always, usually, or habitually in the past, present, and future.
(a) Ann takes a shower every day.
(b) I usually read the newspaper in the morning.
(c) Babies cry. Birds fly.
(d) It doesn’t snow in Bangkok.
(e) Does the teacher speak slowly?
Form and basic meaning of the simple present tense
Notice: The verb after “she, he ,it” (3rd person singular) has a final –s: talks
|1st person||I talk||We talk|
|2nd person||you talk||You talk|
|3rd person||She talks||They talk|
(a) I eat breakfast every morning.
(b) Olga speaks English every day.
(c) We sleep every night.
(d) They go to the beach every weekend.
The simple present tense expresses habits.
In (a): Eating breakfast is a habit, a usual activity. Every morning = Monday morning, Tuesday morning, Wednesday morning, Thursday morning, Friday morning, Saturday morning, and Sunday morning.
|Always||(a) Bob always eats breakfast|
|Usually||(b) Mary usually eats breakfast|
|Often||(c) They often watch TV at night.|
|Sometimes||(d) Tom sometimes watches TV.|
|Seldom||(e) I seldom watch TV.|
|Rarely||(f) I rarely drink milk.|
|Never||(g) I never eat paper.|
The words in this list are called “frequency adverbs”. They come between the subject and the simple present verb.
Other frequency expressions
|I drink tea||once a day.|
|twice a day.|
|three times a day.|
|four times a day.|
|I see my grandparents three times a week.||We can express frequency by saying how many times something happens(a day – a week – a month – a year)|
|I see my aunt once a month.|
|I see my cousin Sam twice a year.|
|I see my roommate every morning.||“Every” is singular. The noun that follows (e.g. morning) must be singular.Incorrect: every mornings ×|
|I pay bills every month.|
|I see my doctor every year.|
The Present progressive
The preset progressive expresses an activity that is in progress (is occurring, is happening) right now. The event is in the progress at the time the speaker is saying the sentence.
The event began in the past, is in progress now, and will probably continue into the future.
FORM: AM, IS + -ING
Forms of the Simple Present and the Present Progressive
|Statement||I – You – We – They ⇒ work|
|He – she – it ⇒ works|
|Negative||I – You – We – They ⇒ do not work.|
|He – She – It ⇒ does not work.|
|Question||Do I – We – You – They work?|
|Does he – she – it work?|
|Contractions||Does + not = doesn’t She doesn’t work.Do + not = don’t I don’t work.|
|Statement||I ⇒ am workimg|
|You – We – They ⇒ are working.|
|He – she – it ⇒ is working|
|Negative||I ⇒ am not working.|
|You – We – They ⇒ are not working.|
|He – She – It ⇒ is not working.|
|Question||Am I working?|
|Are you – we – they working?|
|Is he – she – it working?|
|Contractions||I + am = I’m working|
|Pronoun + be||You/we/they + are = you’re, we’re, they’re working.|
|He/she/it + is = he’s, she’s, it’s working.|
|Be + not||Is + not = isnt He isn’t working.|
|Are + not = aren’t They aren’t working.|
|Am + not = am not I am not working.|
Frequency adverbs with Simple Present and Present Progressive
Always, almost, usuallyt, oftent, frequentlyt, generallyt, sometimest, occasionallyt, seldom, rarely, hardly ever, almost never, not ever, never
Frequency adverbs usually occur in the middle of a sentence and have special positions, as shown in examples (a) through (e) below.
The adverbs with the symbol (t) may also occur at the beginning or end of a sentence.
I sometimes get up at 6:30.
Sometimes I get up at 6:30.
I get up at 6:30 sometimes.
The other adverbs in the list (the ones not marked by “t”) rarely occur at the beginning or end of a sentence. Their usual position is in the middle of a sentence.
|(a) Karen always tells the truth.||Frequency adverbs usually come between the subject and the simple present verb (except main verb be).|
|(b) Karen + is + always on time.||Frequency adverbs follow be in the simples present (am, is, are) and simple past (was, were)|
|(c) Do you always eat breakfast?||In a question, frequency adverbs come directly after the subject.|
|(d) Ann usually doesn’t eat breakfast.(e) Sue doesn’t always eat breakfast.||In a negative sentence, most frequency adverbs come in front of a negative verb (except always and ever).Always follows a negative helping verb or negative be.|
|(f) correct: Anna never eats meat.(g) incorrect: Anna doesn’t never eat meat.||Negative adverbs (seldom, rarely, hardly ever, never) are NOT used with a negative verb.|
|(h) Do you ever take the bus to work?Yes, I do. I often take the bus.|
(i) I don’t ever walk to work.
(j) incorrect: I ever walk to work.“Ever” is used in questions about frequency, as in (h). it means “at any time”.Ever is also used with “not” as in (i).
Ever is NOT used in statements.
Singular: one bird
Plural: two birds, three birds, many birds, all birds, etc.
Singular = one, not two or more
Plural = two, three, or more
A bird sings.
A plural noun ends in –s, as in (c).
A singular verb ends in –s, as in (d)
A bird sings outside my window.
It sings loudly.
Ann sings beautifully.
She sings songs to her children.
Tom sings very well.
He sings in a chorus.
A singular verb follows a singular subject.
Add –s to the simple present verb if the subject is:
A singular noun (a bird, Ann, Tom) or
He, she, or it.
Spelling of final –S/-ES
|Visit ⇒visits||Final –s, not –es, is added to most verbs.Incorrect: visites, speakes ×|
Many verbs end in –e. final –s is simple added.
|Speak ⇒ speaks|
|Ride ⇒ rides|
|Write ⇒ writes|
|Catch ⇒ catches||Final –es is added to words that end in –ch, -sh, -s, -x, -z.|
|Wash ⇒ washes|
|Miss ⇒ misses|
|Fix ⇒ fixes|
|Buzz ⇒ buzzes|
|Fly ⇒ flies||If a word ends in a consonant + -y, change the –y to –i and add –es. (incorrect: flys ×)If a word ends in a vowel + -y, simply add –s. (incorrect paies or payes ×)|
|Pay ⇒ pays|
|Go ⇒ goes||The singular form of the verbs go, do, and have are irregular.|
|Do ⇒ does|
|Have ⇒ has|