Female and Male Animals’ Names in English!

Female, and Male Animals' Names
Female, and Male Animals’ Names
Female, and Male Animals' Names
Female, and Male Animals’ Names
Female, and Male Animals' Names
Female, and Male Animals’ Names
Female, and Male Animals' Names
Female, and Male Animals’ Names
Female, and Male Animals' Names
Female, and Male Animals’ Names
Female, and Male Animals' Names
Female, and Male Animals’ Names
Female, and Male Animals' Names
Female, and Male Animals’ Names
Female, and Male Animals' Names
Female, and Male Animals’ Names
Female, and Male Animals' Names
Female, and Male Animals’ Names
Female, and Male Animals' Names
Female, and Male Animals’ Names


Exploring the Fascinating World of Female and Male Animals’ Names

In the animal kingdom, just like in the human world, gender distinctions are significant. Male and female animals often have distinct names, each revealing their unique characteristics and roles within their species. These gender-specific names provide insight into the fascinating world of animal behavior, reproduction, and evolution. In this article, we will explore some intriguing examples of female and male animals’ names.

The world is full of countless different species and for every animal there is a different name. However, sometimes we need a way of differentiating even further in order to indicate whether we are talking about a male from the species or a female. 1

Female and male animals’ names examples

Male Female Animal Name
Jack Jenny Donkey
Boar Sow Bear
Tom Queen Cat
Cock Hen Sparrow
Bull Cow Yak
Bull Cow Cattle
Cock Hen  Pheasant
Rooster Hen Chicken
Male Female Skunk
Bull Cow Rhino
Buck/Stag Doe Deer
Bull Cow Seal
Boar Sow Racoon
Male Female Beaver
Male Female Frog
Male Female Grasshopper
Cock Jenny Wren
Dog Bitch Dog / Hound
Bull Cow Camel
Male Female Seastar
Cock Hen Quail
Cock  Hen Pigeon
Buck Doe Antelope
Male Female Snake
Drake Duck Duck
Bull Cow Reindeer
Bull Cow Elephant
Billy Nanny Goat
Buck Doe Pronghorn
Buck Doe Rat
Male Female Crow
Drone Queen / Worker Wasp
Coco Hen Owl
Male Female Spider
Tom Hen Turkey
Bull Cow Giraffe
Dog / Reynard Vixen Fox
Male Female Serval
Gander Goose Goose
Cock Hen Dove
Bull Cow Caribou
Male Female Squid
Stallion Mare/Filly Horse
Bull Cow Dolphin
Bull Cow Walrus
Lion Lioness Lion
Male Female Gorilla
Boar Sow Pig
Buck Doe Squirrel
Male Female Monkey
Buck Doe Rabbit
Ram Ewe Sheep
Male Female Louse
Male  Female Turtle
Male Female Woodpecker
Drone Queen/Worker Yellow Jacket
Cob Pen Swan
Bull Cow Hippopotamus 
Buck Doe Kangaroo 
Boar Sow Swine
Boar Sow Prairie dog
Tiger Tigress Tiger
Male Female Eagle
Buck Doe Weasel
Jack Jill Hare
Leopard Leopardess Leopard
Male Female Birds in general especially (Eagles / Owls)
Bull Cow Whale
Formel Tiercels Hawk
Male Female Trout
Dog Bitch Wolf
Male Female Eel
Male Female Butterfly
Male/Bull Female Shark
Male Female Hyena
Cock Hen Guinea Fowl
Boar Sow Hedgehog
Cock Hen Buzzard
Male Female Fish
Jack Jill Wallaby
Bull Cow Elephant
Cock / Rooster Hen Fowl
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Note that despite the similarity in the names of many females or males the names are not interchangeable. Thus, you may say cock or a rooster in reference to the male fowl, but you can’t say a rooster to the male buzzard despite the fact that it is called a cock. It takes more than sharing a name to share every other name or title.


What are male and female animals called?

Male and female animals are commonly referred to by specific names that distinguish their genders. Here are some examples:

Male animals are often called:

  1. Lion
  2. Stallion (for horses)
  3. Rooster or cock (for chickens)
  4. Tomcat or tom (for cats)
  5. Bull (for cattle)
  6. Boar (for pigs)
  7. Ram (for sheep)
  8. Gander (for geese)
  9. Drake (for ducks)

Female animals are often called:

  1. Lioness
  2. Mare (for horses)
  3. Hen (for chickens)
  4. Queen or molly (for cats)
  5. Cow (for cattle)
  6. Sow (for pigs)
  7. Ewe (for sheep)
  8. Goose (for geese)
  9. Duck (for ducks)

These are just a few examples, and there are specific names for male and female animals in various species across the animal kingdom. These distinctions help describe the gender and reproductive roles of the animals.

What are some female animals called?

  1. Female Lion: Lioness
  2. Female Horse: Mare
  3. Female Chicken: Hen
  4. Female Cat: Queen or Molly
  5. Female Dog: Bitch (though this term can have varying connotations)
  6. Female Elephant: Cow
  7. Female Pig: Sow
  8. Female Sheep: Ewe
  9. Female Goose: Goose (the term “goose” is used for both males and females)
  10. Female Duck: Duck (similarly, “duck” is used for both male and female ducks)
    These are some common examples of female animals and their names. Each species may have its own specific term for females.
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Why are there different names for male and female animals?

There are different names for male and female animals for several reasons:

Biological Distinctions: Male and female animals often have distinct physical and physiological differences related to reproduction and other functions. Having separate names helps to acknowledge and describe these differences.

Clarity and Communication: Using different names for males and females helps in clear and precise communication, especially in contexts such as animal husbandry, veterinary medicine, and biology. It allows people to easily identify and refer to the gender of an animal.

Historical and Cultural Traditions: Many of these names have evolved over centuries, influenced by cultural and linguistic traditions. They reflect the way people have observed and interacted with animals throughout history.

Scientific Classification: In scientific fields like biology, it is important to distinguish between male and female animals when classifying and studying them. Consistent terminology aids in scientific research and documentation.

Reproductive Roles: Naming conventions often reflect the different roles that males and females play in reproduction and raising offspring. For example, terms like “queen” for female bees or “lioness” for female lions highlight their roles in their respective colonies or prides.

Cultural and Symbolic Significance: In some cultures, animals have symbolic significance, and naming conventions may reflect cultural beliefs and values. The choice of names can carry cultural meanings and convey symbolism related to gender roles.

Practical Applications: Different names can be practical, especially in agriculture and animal breeding. Farmers and breeders need to know the gender of animals for breeding and management purposes.

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In summary, the use of different names for male and female animals is rooted in biology, culture, tradition, and practicality. These names serve to recognize and convey important distinctions between the genders and have evolved over time to fulfill various linguistic, cultural, and scientific functions.

What is the name of a male and female cow?

The name of a male cow is simply “bull,” while the name of a female cow is “cow.” The term “cow” is commonly used to refer to adult females of the cattle species, while “bull” is used to refer to adult males.

To conclude, the world of animals is teeming with diversity and complexity, and the distinct names given to male and female members of different species reflect the specialized roles they play in reproduction, survival, and the overall functioning of their communities. Exploring these gender-specific names offers us a deeper understanding of the rich tapestry of life on Earth and the remarkable adaptations that have evolved over countless generations.



  1. termcoordeditor. (2021, January 18). Male and female animal names. Terminology Coordination Unit