Methods of Teaching English: 15 ESL Teaching Methods!

ESL teaching is the process of helping individuals who do not speak English as their first language learn to speak, read, and write in English. ESL teaching is a specialized field that requires a great deal of knowledge, experience, and methodology in teaching ESL (English as a Second Language). Read about teaching methods ESL in this blog post.

ESL methods of teaching English

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This image talks about ESL teaching methods Methods of Teaching English: 15 ESL Teaching Methods!

ESL teaching methods are the ways in which teachers use to teach English. There are many different types of ESL teaching methods, including interactive methodologies, step-by-step instruction, group work models, and activity-based learning. It is important for a teacher to find the right methodology for their students in order to help them learn.

Why learn ESL teaching methods?

  • Learning ESL teaching methods allows for effective communication with non-native English speakers.
  • It increases job opportunities in the field of education.
  • It enhances cultural awareness and sensitivity towards diverse populations.
  • It improves teaching skills and the ability to cater to individual student needs.

English as a second language, or ESL, is the teaching of students who are not native English speakers. ESL learning resources and methods are designed to prepare students to be independent learners in the academic environment. 1

15 Popular ESL Teaching Methods Every Teacher Should Know

This image talks about ESL teaching methods
This image talks about ESL teaching methods

Here are some English teaching methods:

1. Direct Method

This type of teaching involves giving students one-on-one instruction without any group work or activity involvement. This method is used in formal learning situations only and usually does not involve a lot of hands-on practice.

2. Indirect Method

In this style of teaching, students are first introduced to the material through group work or Activity-Based Learning activities before moving on to individual instruction. This method can be used in both formal and informal settings, and it often results in better retention of information due to the student’s increased understanding and engagement with the subject matter.

3. Interactive Methodology

This method is used when the teacher wants to engage their students in the learning process. The goal of this type of teaching is for students to have a hands-on experience with the material being taught. This method can be used in both formal and informal settings, and usually involves group work as well as individual instruction.

4. Step-by-Step Instruction

When using this methodology, teachers take an easy approach by breaking down complex topics into smaller pieces that students can understand easily. These steps are then guided step by step so that all students reach the same goal simultaneously.

5. Group Work Model

This type of teaching method is widely used in K-12 settings, and it focuses on group work as a way to help students learn the material. In this style of learning, each student takes turns being active learners, which allows them to share their own experiences and knowledge with the rest of the class.

6. Activity-Based Learning

This method involves breaking up large concepts into small pieces that can be easily remembered and applied in real-life situations. By using hands-on activities, ESL teachers hope to engage students in the learning process and help them retain the information learned.

7. Constructivist Methodology

This method is based on the idea that students learn best when they are actively involved in learning materials. In this type of teaching, students are given the freedom to explore new material on their own, which helps them better understand it.

8. Communicative Language Teaching (CLT)

This method focuses on developing fluency in a foreign language by using real-world, communicative activities. By engaging students in authentic conversations, CLT helps them to improve their comprehension and speaking skills.

9. Total Physical Response (TPR)

This type of teaching involves using physical activity in order to help students learn and remember information. By involving students in active learning activities that are both fun and physically challenging, TPR is said to be more effective than other methods when it comes to the retention of information.

10. An Eclectic Approach

This teaching method is a combination of several other methods and can be used to best meet the needs of individual students. There are a variety of teaching methods available to teachers, and it is important that they use the one that will be most effective for their specific situation and students.

The freedom to explore new material on their own, which helps them better understand it, is an important factor in choosing this type of teaching method.

11. The Grammar Translation Method

This method is based on the principle that language is composed of grammar and vocabulary, and that by understanding the structure of a foreign language, students can improve their comprehension. By using translation exercises as a way to introduce new grammar concepts, the Grammar Translation Method helps students to develop better fluency in their foreign languages.

12. The Structural Approach

This method focuses on the structure of a foreign language, specifically its grammar and vocabulary. By understanding how these elements work together, students are able to improve their comprehension skills.

13. The Silent Way

This method is based on the idea that language learning should be accompanied by minimalistic distractions. By focusing all class activities on the teaching of a specific grammar concept, students are able to focus and learn more effectively.

14. Suggestopedia

Suggestopedia is a method developed by Dr. Anthony Olshan that relies on the use of prompts to help students learn new information more effectively. These prompts can be used in conjunction with other teaching methods, or simply as an individual study guide. By using prompts, teachers are able to tailor learning opportunities specifically for their students and help them remember the material better.

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15. Task-Based Language Learning

This method is based on the premise that learning a language requires active engagement from students. By giving them hands-on tasks to complete, teachers are able to help students learn vocabulary and grammar in a fun and engaging way.

Tips to master teaching methods ESL

  1. Use a variety of teaching methods such as visual aids, group work, and role-playing to keep students engaged.
  2. Incorporate real-life situations and cultural references into lessons to make them more relatable.
  3. Be patient and flexible, as students may have varying levels of proficiency and learning styles.
  4. Continuously assess student progress and adjust teaching methods accordingly to ensure effective learning.

Why learn ESL teaching methods?

Some benefits of learning ESL teaching methods include:

1) The ability to quickly teach a new topic or skill – if you’re familiar with the basics of teaching English, then using an effective ESL Teaching Method will speed up your learning process tremendously.
2) Increased efficiency – by adopting an adapted approach that works specifically for your student(s), you’ll be able to maximize their learning potential.
3) More effective communication – using a method that’s tailored to your individual students will ensure you’re able to effectively communicate with them, which in turn facilitates better comprehension.
4) Increased confidence – the ability to effectively teach English is one of the most crucial skills you’ll need if you want to succeed in this field. Learning ESL teaching methods will help you develop this skill quickly and confidently. Learning an ESL teaching method can be a daunting task, but by following the steps outlined in this article, you’ll be well on your way to mastering it.

The direct method of language teaching English is hands-on, it involves a lot of preparation and much more planning. This method can be reduced to the direct approach which allows teachers to teach fast with great potential for success.

ESL methodologies

ESL methodology refers to the various approaches and techniques used to teach English as a second language. There are several popular methodologies, including the communicative approach, task-based learning, and the audio-lingual method.

The communicative approach emphasizes communication and interaction, while task-based learning focuses on real-life tasks and activities. The audio-lingual method emphasizes drilling and repetition to develop language skills.

Other methodologies include the grammar-translation method and the total physical response method. The choice of methodology depends on the needs and preferences of the learners, as well as the goals of the language program.

Effective ESL methodologies

Effective ESL methodologies as well as methodology for teaching English involve a variety of teaching techniques that cater to the needs of English language learners. These methodologies include the communicative approach, task-based learning, and content-based instruction. The communicative approach emphasizes the use of language in real-life situations and promotes interaction between students.

Task-based learning focuses on teaching language through tasks or activities that are relevant to the learner’s interests and goals. Content-based instruction incorporates language learning into subject areas such as science or history.

These methodologies also involve the use of technology, such as online resources and multimedia tools, to enhance language learning. Overall, effective ESL methodologies prioritize student-centered learning, meaningful communication, and the integration of language learning into real-life experiences.

Tips to master ESL methodology

  1. Practice regularly and consistently.
  2. Find a study partner or language exchange program to practice speaking.
  3. Use a variety of resources, including textbooks, online exercises, and authentic materials such as movies or news articles.
  4. Focus on building vocabulary, grammar, and pronunciation skills.

ESL teaching techniques

ESL teaching techniques refer to the different methods and approaches used by teachers to help non-native English speakers learn the language. Some of these techniques include using visual aids, such as pictures and videos, to help students understand vocabulary and grammar.

Teachers may also use games and activities to make the learning process more engaging and interactive. Another technique is to focus on communication skills, such as speaking and listening, rather than just grammar rules. The use of technology, like online resources and language learning apps, is also becoming more popular in ESL classrooms.

Ultimately, the most effective teaching technique will depend on the individual needs and learning styles of each student.

ESL approaches

ESL (English as a Second Language) approaches are different methods and techniques used to teach English to non-native speakers.

Some popular ESL approaches include the communicative approach, which emphasizes speaking and listening skills in real-life situations, the task-based approach, which focuses on completing specific tasks in English, and the content-based approach, which teaches English through subject matter such as science or history.

Other approaches include the grammar-translation approach, which emphasizes memorization of grammar rules and vocabulary, and the audio-lingual approach, which emphasizes repetition and drills. The choice of approach depends on the learner’s needs, goals, and learning style.

Operative Tips for Teaching English to Beginners

1. You can listen to English teachers on Twitter of the online course. This can be helpful for me. You change the way you teach, but put your students in situations where they will use their knowledge of English throughout their lives it goes out and solve problems almost on your behalf.

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2. Vocabulary learning methods and grammar rules: ESL strategies to use promote comprehension and retention while learning vocabulary most valuable item is a context-bound understanding that enables you to choose appropriate expressions at various times in your daily routine when talking with others.

3. Use of EFL and ESL Learner-Centred Techniques to Promote Citizenship, Attitudes & Democracy in the Philippines. The title refers to learning new language skills for listening, and oral communication through reading techniques with students. Citizen Groups focus on citizenship activities that make our current education system experience more fun by teaching them concepts like social justice, democratic values, and critical thinking which helps people go further in their educational and workplace development ( Workplace).

4. The natural approach of pronunciation, sensibility, awareness of sound, and movement of speech.

As a teacher-researcher I conducted many study projects with the aim is improving attainment in teaching reading & writing through knowing about learner needs, sometimes inspiring new research coaching strategies for ESL generously sponsored by Drexel University College of English (DUCET). But as a researcher, I transitioned from conducting studies with teachers to assessing qualities like listening comprehension on classroom or computer-based tasks with learners and their teachers.

Benefits of teaching methods in English

There are numerous benefits of teaching methods in English. Firstly, it allows individuals to communicate effectively with people from different countries and cultures. English is the most widely spoken language in the world, and being proficient in it can open up numerous opportunities in terms of business, travel and education. Secondly, teaching methods in English can improve cognitive abilities such as memory and problem-solving skills.

It can also enhance critical thinking and creativity by exposing students to different perspectives and ideas. Lastly, learning English can boost confidence and self-esteem, as individuals become more comfortable in expressing themselves in a foreign language. Overall, teaching methods in English can have a positive impact on personal and professional development.

Teaching methods of English language guide

Teaching methods of English language guide can vary depending on the teacher’s style and the needs of the students. Some common methods include the communicative approach, where students are encouraged to practice speaking and listening in real-life situations.

Another method is the task-based approach, where students complete tasks and projects to improve their language skills. The grammar-translation method focuses on memorizing grammar rules and translating sentences.

The audio-lingual method emphasizes repetitive drills and practice to improve pronunciation and grammar. A good English language guide will use a combination of these methods to provide a well-rounded learning experience for their students.

Methods of teaching English as a second language

There are various methods of teaching English as a second language, including the Direct Method, Communicative Language Teaching, Task-Based Language Teaching, Audio-Lingual Method, and the Grammar-Translation Method.

The Direct Method focuses on teaching vocabulary and grammar through real-life situations and context, while Communicative Language Teaching emphasizes communication and interaction between the teacher and the students. Task-Based Language Teaching involves students working on specific tasks to improve their language skills, while the Audio-Lingual Method focuses on repetition and memorization of language patterns.

The Grammar-Translation Method, on the other hand, emphasizes the translation of text from the target language to the native language. Each method has its own benefits and drawbacks, and the choice of method usually depends on the goals of the language learners and their learning styles.

ESL pedagogy

ESL pedagogy refers to the methods and strategies used in teaching English as a second language. It involves understanding the needs and abilities of the learners, selecting appropriate materials, and creating engaging and interactive lessons.

Effective ESL pedagogy emphasizes the importance of building a strong foundation in the language skills of reading, writing, listening, and speaking. It also recognizes the cultural differences and challenges that learners may face and incorporates strategies to address them.

Continuous assessment and feedback are critical components of ESL pedagogy to ensure that learners are making progress and achieving their language goals.

Understanding pedagogy helps you design better ESL materials and lessons, as you can strategically select activities and use learning objectives that will benefit your students. 2


1. What is the most effective ESL method of teaching English?

  1. Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) focuses on real-life communication and encourages student participation.
  2. Task-based Language Teaching (TBLT) emphasizes learning through completing meaningful tasks.
  3. Content and Language Integrated Learning (CLIL) combines language learning with subject matter learning.
  4. Total Physical Response (TPR) uses physical actions to reinforce language learning and comprehension.

2. What is the most effective ESL teaching methods?

  1. A communicative approach that focuses on real-life situations and encourages students to use language in context.
  2. Task-based learning that involves students in problem-solving activities and encourages collaboration and critical thinking.
  3. Content-based instruction that integrates language learning with subject matter, making the language more meaningful and relevant to students.
  4. Technology-enhanced language learning that uses multimedia and interactive tools to engage students and promote language acquisition.

3. What is direct method of teaching ESL?

The direct method of teaching ESL is a method that focuses on language acquisition through active student interaction and participation. This type of teaching emphasizes comprehensible input, meaning that teachers provide students with simple and clear language instructions that are easily understood.

The teacher also produces sample sentences to demonstrate the correct way to say something, and then encourages students to practice saying it themselves. This enables the students to learn by developing their own sentence structures. Additionally, the direct method uses visuals such as pictures to give students an extra means of understanding what is being taught, allowing them to acquire new vocabulary more quickly.

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4. What is the most common teaching method in ESL?

  • Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) is the most widely used method in ESL.
  • CLT focuses on developing communication skills through authentic and meaningful interactions.
  • The method emphasizes student-centered learning and encourages learners to use the language actively.
  • CLT also incorporates task-based learning, where students work on real-life tasks to develop language skills.

5. What are the methods of teaching in ESL classroom?

  1. Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) focuses on communication and interaction between learners.
  2. Task-Based Language Teaching (TBLT) involves learners completing tasks that require the use of language.
  3. Content-Based Instruction (CBI) uses subject matter content to teach language skills.
  4. Grammar-Translation Method (GTM) focuses on the explicit teaching of grammar rules and translation of texts.

6. What are 5 popular ESL teaching methods?

Most popular ESL teaching methods like the 5 suggested below, need to use in their classroom and at work:

  1. 1Learner-centred (or learner-focused).
  2. What errors are you making?
  3. Self-regulation.
  4. How would you improve your foreign language skills or pronunciation first based on methods of what is great for literacy instruction?
  5. Learning styles ESL students learn more effectively with the Read-aloud method (chart) as they separate reading skills from language exchange.

7. What is the best way of teaching ESL?

Classroom-based ESL classes encourage the teacher:

1. To anticipate learner needs in an open space of classroom teaching

2. Learner-centered method to teach reading and writing as it:

a) Encourages personal or self-motivated approach to learning (not imposed by an authority figure). Therefore we learn more individualized outcomes connected with what learners need during their interactions there is a subtle difference between personal and social learning.

b) Grasp the learner’s needs and avoid imposing teaching materials dictate by authority (read a book & be ready to teach). I have conducted studies with teachers that promoted a self-chosen/personal approach as more students are involved in choosing music, reading, and writing resources for their use at home, online, or for their first introduction to a journal when it comes the time for language awareness learning but we play an important role in determining their own foreign language learning approach.

3. Learner-centered offers the extra help to learners download ebooks and use multimedia workshop materials learned in post-secondary education with the exception: University teachers and still offering this method to ESL students; because of available technology 10 of them are teaching at Canadian 6 universities more than 50% taught as a guest invited instructor where they learn as experts before they teach paid professional term faculty members.

Idopathic thinking defines that preparing for students in English-speaking countries, i.e. Canada by a teacher is to give lecture literature through audio & video material and respond to the learner without them being involved as self-motivated learners’ most effective proactivity when it comes to reaching out at home/work, etc.

8. What is ESL?

ESL stands for English as a Second Language. It is a term used to describe the process of teaching English to non-native speakers. ESL programs are designed to help students develop their listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills in English. These programs are typically offered in schools, community centers, and other educational institutions.

ESL teachers use a variety of teaching methods and materials to help students learn English, including textbooks, multimedia resources, and interactive activities. The goal of ESL instruction is to help students achieve proficiency in English, which can improve their opportunities for employment, education, and social integration in English-speaking communities.

9. What are the best methods of teaching English?

  1. Immersion programs where students are fully immersed in an English-speaking environment.
  2. Communicative language teaching, which emphasizes interaction and communication in the classroom.
  3. Task-based language teaching, where students work on specific tasks that require them to use English.
  4. The use of technology, such as online resources and language learning apps, to supplement traditional classroom teaching.

10. What are the popular ESL teaching methodologies?

The popular ESL teaching methodologies are explained as following:

  1. The Direct Method focuses on teaching language through immersion and communication, without relying on translation or grammar rules.
  2. The Communicative Approach emphasizes real-life communication and interaction, with a focus on functional language and practical skills.
  3. The Audio-Lingual Method emphasizes repetition and drilling of language patterns, with a focus on accuracy and fluency.
  4. The Task-Based Approach involves students working on real-life tasks or projects, using language to achieve specific goals and objectives.

In brief, ESL is an English or language learning professional including teachers, tutors, proceeding instructors and aides, etc.’* to whom ‘English as a second language in special circumstances signals one’s need to have been educated at school, that they are acquainted with the advantages of ESL methods/ techniques and how these applied from students learners/clients different nationalities including those whose education took place abroad.

You may want to read: teaching ell students.


  1. Weber, P. (2023, April 5). A Guide to ESL Learning & Teaching Methods – INK. INK.
  2. Kawasaki, J. (2023, June 16). 5 popular ESL teaching methods Every teacher should know. BridgeUniverse – TEFL Blog, News, Tips & Resources.